MONTANE FOREST/ PÁRAMO BEAR

Status - Vulnerable

Species Name

Tremarctos ornatus

Spectacled bear

Andean bear 

Weight

35-200 kilograms (77-440 pounds)

Males are 30-40% larger than females

Physical Features

White rings around their eyes resemble glasses, markings are unique to each bear

Short-faced, shaggy blackish brown fur, excellent climbers with short legs and long sharp claws that aid in climbing

Behaviour

Shy, elusive, and solitary

Bears only seen together in mating season

They do not hibernate in any ecosystem

Habitat

Montane Forest:
5,900 – 10,500 feet above sea level. Humid, tropical forest vegetation with tall trees, persistent low cloud cover, cool temperatures and heavy rainfall


Páramo:
10,500 – 14,800 feet above sea level. Cold and humid with low plants grasses and shrubs and drastic daily temperature fluctuations

Diet

Mostly herbivorous diet includes tree fruit, bromeliad hearts, orchids, palms, tree bark, insects, small rodents, birds

Reproduction

May breed in relation to environmental cues, adapting to limits of ecosystem

Gestation 60 days, litters born in dens, average litter size of 2

Predators

Humans

*Information based on field research by SBC and on bears in captivity.

Gallery | MONTANE FOREST/ PÁRAMO BEAR

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